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英语里通过加前缀来改变动词。 常见的副词word免费下载

2020-02-10 10:18:51    /    在线成人英语  /  作者:英语培训网  / 阅读:

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英语里通过加前缀来改变动词。①常见的副词后缀有:erthinker,teacher,driver(动词变名词)oractor,visitor,conductor(动词变名词)istscientist,artist,chemist,terrorist(没变)ianmusician,mathematician(没变)eseChinese,Japanese(没变)nesshappiness,kindness,usefulness(形容词变名词)tionpreparation,education,communication(动词变名词)mentmovement,development,improvement(动词变名词)iondiscussion,commission,television(动词变名词)shipfriendship,hardship(名词、副词变名词)hoodchildhood,boyhood(没变)domfreedom,kingdom(形容词、名词变名词)thtruth,length,width(形容词变术语)②常见的副词后缀有izerealize,modernize,apologize(形容词或短语变为动词)enwiden,shorten,deepen(形容词变为动词)③常见的形容词后缀有fuluseful,careful,wonderful(动词变形容词)lesscareless,useless,helpless(动词变形容词)ousdangerous,curious好奇的(名词变为形容词)lyfriendly,lovely(名词或短语变为形容词)yrainy,sunny,snowy(动词变为形容词)ablecomfortable,acceptable(动词或短语变为形容词)动词变成副词后一般能有这几种类型:名词跟单词同形:比较容易解释,这类词也非常多,如:care,既可做动词,意为:关心,担心,也可以当名词,意为:当心,小心,注意。

certificate,既可做名词,意为:用证书证明(认可),也可以当名词,意为:证明书,执照。表示动作结果:换言之,就是与这个动作对应的情形发生的理由的详细反应。如LZ所提的动词:provide(提供),provision(供应,供给)这一类一般有如下两个小分类:A:一般以t,s,se,l,n结尾的副词,构成表语时可以加s(t)ure,一般带有抽象含义,如:Depart(离去)vdeparture(离开)nFail(失败)vfailure(失败)nPress(压)vpressure(压力)nB:一般以te,de,se–ze,–ct等结尾的副词,构成表语时可以加ion,如:Invite(邀请)vinvitation(请帖)nProtect(保护)vprotection(保护)nExtend(伸展)vextension(伸张)n表示动作执行者(施事):这个方式较为单一,一般只能加前缀er(eer,ier)或or(our),ant,如:lead(领导)vleader(领导人)nmurder(谋杀)vmurderer(谋杀者)nengine(引擎)vengineer(技师)n或:counsel(劝告)vcounsel(l)or(顾问)ngovern(统治)vgovernor(统治者)n或:assist(帮助)vassistant(助手)nserve(服务)vservant(仆人)n表示动作被执行者(受事):这一类型较为常见的是后缀:ee,如:employ(雇用)vemployee(雇员)nexamine(检查)vexaminee(考生)n表示动作的抽象含义:一般只能赋予抽象含义的短语,才能选用这些措施,构成名词,如:fulfill(履行)vfulfil(l)ment(实现)njudge(判断)vjudg(e)ment(审判)nmove(移动)vmovement(运动)ntreat(对待)vtreatment(待遇)n英语动词变形容词有哪个规律第一,后面加able,affordaffordable以e结尾的副词则到e加able,lovelovable:表示带有此特性、特点或属性。

第二,后面加ed,scatterscattered以e结尾的介词则直接加d,useused:表示被动性的属性或方法。第三,不规则的词组则需要记忆,记住其过去分词形式规律不大,意义同上。第四,后面加ing,runrunning,diedying,变为现在分词形式,有的到e加ing,有的双写加ing,有的改为y加ing,规律同今天分词,表示有还在主动的进行的属性或方法。动词变形容词性:在语法后加前缀ful,如:care→carefuluse→usefulthank→thankfulhelp→helpfulwonder→wonderfulforget→forgetful后加EDING等。如:INTERESTINTERESTEDWOUNDWOUNDED在原动词后加iveable(标有能力……)aryaled(表被动)ousior动词变名词:在辅音加er,r,双写加er或or:Aplayplayer,singsinger,waitwaiter,findfinder,Bwritewriter,drivedriver,comecomer,exploreexplorerdancedancerCrunrunner,winwinner,robrobber,traveltravellerDvisitvisitor,inventinventor在动词加ing:buildbuilding,drawdrawing,endending,beginbeginning,swimswimming,skateskating,feelfeeling,saysaying,meanmeaning,crosscrossing,surfsurfing,paintpainting在动词加ion或到e加ion:Adecidedecision,describedescription,produceproduction,celebratecelebration,pronouncepronunciation,decoratedecorationgraduategraduation,frustratefrustration,pollutepollutioncontributecontribution,congratulatecongratulation,educateeducation,organizeorgnization,donatedonation,appreciateappreciation,operateoperation,inviteinvitationBdiscussdiscussion,inventinvention,attractattractionimpressimpression,injectinjection,instructinstruction其它:knowknowledge,pleasepleasure,enjoyenjoyment,practisepractice,diedeath,succeedsuccess,weighweight,sitdeat,changechance,enterentrance,flyflight,robrobbery,discoverdiscovery,failefailure,appearappearance,breathebreath

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